If your blood pressure readings are constantly 140 more than 90, or higher, over various weeks then you have high blood pressure.
You may likewise have hypertension if only one of the numbers is higher than it ought to be over various weeks.
In the event that you have hypertension, this higher pressure puts additional strain on your heart and blood vessels. After some time, this additional strain builds your risk of suffering from a heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension can likewise bring about heart and kidney illness, and is firmly connected to a few types of dementia.
Let’s begin with some data on blood pressure and hypertension.
At the point when your heart pumps blood through your body, this intensifies the pressure in your blood vessels. Typically, they react by enlarging. Hypertension happens when your supply routes have solidified (because of maturing, sicknesses or an undesirable way of life). Solidified supply routes don’t unwind adequately. Thus, your blood pressure increases.
As you continue to age over the years, the expanded pressure on your vessels harms the inside of your body in addition to your heart. In the long run, hypertension can prompt stroke and heart attack.
What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
Hypertension related high blood pressure does not generally bring about any symptoms, which is the reason the condition frequently goes unnoticed. In any case, there are a few signs and side effects of hypertension (i.e. hypertension) to keep an eye out for.
Frequently, individuals don’t perceive the indications of hypertension until they have a stroke or heart attack. It is suggested that you routinely check your blood pressure to ensure you recognize a perilous increment at an early stage and can bring changes in your life in order to keep your blood pressure under control.
Symptoms of Hypertension
Hypertension related high blood pressure does not commonly cause symptoms, however, in some cases, the following symptoms can occur:
- Chest pain
- Vision problems
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pale skin color
These symptoms can indicate that you are having a stroke, in which case you may also experience:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Ringing or buzzing in the ear
- Severe headache
These signs and indications of high blood pressure normally happen when patients are encountering an “emergency” or a “crisis” in light of the fact that their hypertension has achieved perilously abnormal states.
These signs are additionally basic in individuals who experience the ill effects of a sudden increment in hypertension (quickened hypertension). On the off chance that you encounter any of these side effects, look for therapeutic help quickly.
The least demanding approach to see whether you have high blood pressure is to take a reading.
Measuring your blood pressure is exceptionally straightforward and easy. It is done with a gadget called sphygmomanometer (the inflatable sleeve that your specialist puts around your arm). Within seconds, your specialist can quantify your blood pressure.
The results work like this:
- Anything between 120/80 (120 over 80) and 140/90 (140 over 90) is dubbed the pre-hypertension stage – which often leads to hypertension
- Between 140/90 and 160/100, you are in stage 1 hypertension
- Between 160/100 and 180/110, you are in stage 2 hypertension
- Above 180/110, you are in stage 3 hypertension (and you need immediate medical care)
People in stage 3 hypertension tend to suffer from secondary hypertension, which is a form of high blood pressure with known causes such as kidney disease, hormonal disease (e.g. gland tumor, hyperthyroidism), lead poisoning, head injuries and pregnancy.
Early Signs of High Blood Pressure
The patients who experience early signs of high blood pressure usually complain about dull headaches, short moments of lightheadedness as well as unusually frequent nosebleeds. It is quite rare for blood pressure to cause symptoms in the early stages of the condition.
Signs of Stroke
High blood pressure can lead to dangerous emergencies such as stroke. As soon as you recognize one of these symptoms you must seek medical care immediately:
- Have issues speaking clearly and understanding someone else
- Cannot use your arms (e.g. try raising them)
- Suffer from facial weakness (e.g. drooping eye or mouth, inability to smile)
- Medical Diagnosis – Detecting High Blood Pressure
Utilizing the sphygmomanometer (inflatable sleeve) your specialist will first search for evident indications. Nevertheless, in light of the fact that you have a high reading of blood pressure at a given time doesn’t mean you have a very serious condition.
It could essentially be a case where anxiety or different elements created a brief increment in your blood pressure. From that point on, your specialist will need to check your blood pressure frequently in order ensure that your blood pressure readings are something to be worried about.