According to a new report the amount of people smoking cigarettes in the U.S. have seen a decrease of 8.6 million since the year 2005. This decrease is said to continue due to the implementation of tax on tobacco that has recently passed in California.
The report was presented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The report states that the rates of smoking have declined from the former 21% in the adult population back in 2005 to 15% in the year 2015. The current results are from CDC’s latest survey. From the year 2014 to 2015, the rate of smoking decreased by 1.7%. This is a significant drop in smoking rates among the U.S. population. The statistics were presented in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
It has been observed that people tend to smoke less cigarettes when they are made comparatively expensive than before. The reason for such a decline in smoking can be due to the tobacco taxes being implemented. In 2009, the tobacco tax was increased to 62 cents per pack of cigarettes by the federal government. Furthermore, a $2 per pack of cigarettes tax was approved by California voters on Election Day. So, the current rates of declined smoking are expected to keep falling.
According to the vice president for communication at the Center for Tobacco Free Kids, Vincent Willmore, the raise in taxes on tobacco is most probably the only effective means of reducing cigarette smoking, especially in kids. The tax raise approved by California votes is being seen as a huge victory with regards to the health of kids in the state. Raising tax has shown positive impacts on discouraging individuals from buying cigarettes as well as help fund anti-smoking efforts that have been renewed.
Similar efforts by the advocates of tobacco control didn’t see a win North Dakota and Colorado. In Missouri, the 17% tax per cigarette tax was supported by the tobacco industry. However, it was opposed by advocates. The tax was ultimately rejected by voters.
According to reports, tobacco happens to be a leader in preventable causes of U.S. deaths. Tobacco has been linked to 30% of deaths due to cancer, and 40% of all cancer cases. The U.S. government is doing what it can to bring down the rates of cigarette smoking to 12% by 2020 in the overall adult population. Keeping the current rates in mind, the government is on the road to success. Other factors are also playing a role in decreasing the rates of smoking. These factors include numerous stop-smoking campaigns at a national level. The access to effective smoking-cessation programs has also been increased by the Affordable Care Act.
There is also some unevenness. The new report by the CDC shows that though the tax on tobacco is higher in another area, the rates of cigarette smoking happens to be lowest in the West. The Midwest is where the rates of smoking are the highest. When it comes to sexes, the rates of smoking are common among males in the population, especially in Native Alaskans/American Indian. Asians and individuals with college degrees happen to smoke the least.
While smoking is experiencing a decrease, the use of e-cigarettes or vaping is increasing. Some researchers are pondering whether or not vaping has played a huge role in decreasing the rates of cigarette smoking, with people leaving cigarettes and switching to these electronic devices. Professionals in the health department are worried that the habit of vaping will cause more youngsters to pick up traditional smoking as they grow older.